Some consequences of climate change

Some consequences of climate change

The consequences of current climate change include ever-increasing temperatures; increases in storms, heavy rainfall and heat waves; melting of land and sea ice, thawing of permafrost and drastic changes in animal habitats. In this article, we take a closer look at the effects of climate change.

Temperature Rise

Global temperatures have risen substantially since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Compared to the pre-industrial era, it is now on average 0.85°C warmer on Earth. The rate of this warming is 10 times faster than in the periods following each ice age of the past million years. The first decade of the 21st century was the warmest since temperature measurements began in 1850. Warm days are more frequent and the number of cold days is decreasing. Nine of the ten warmest years ever measured occurred in the 21st century and 2014 became the warmest year globally since temperature measurements began. Over the past 30 years, each decade has been warmer than the previous one and warmer than any decade since 1850.

Reduced ecosystems

Warming is putting pressure on ecosystems as living conditions change. For example, some species have to move higher up or migrate north for more pleasant temperatures, mismatches in “supply of and demand for” food are occurring, and pathogens and parasites are migrating to new areas. According to some scientists, we are already in the sixth major extinction wave in Earth’s history, in which species are going extinct 100 to 1,000 times faster than the natural rate. Climate change plays an important role in this, along with pollution and habitat destruction, among other things. For this reason it is important to plant more trees. You can of course plant trees yourself, but you can also hire a foundation reforestation that are active on the internet.

Heavier storms

A warmer atmosphere can hold more moisture. As a result, we experience more and heavier storms. Especially in America and Europe, we have to suffer more often from the weather. One example is the winter of 2013 in Britain, where persistent storms caused flooding and a lot of damage in what was the wettest winter there in 250 years. If warming continues, Europe could face a storm every 2 years in the future with the same strength as Sandy in New York and New Jersey, according to the KNMI. In 2014, 87% of all natural disasters were climate change related.

Elva Zachman

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